Term Insurance – Short-Term vs Long-Term Plans and Their Pros and Cons

When it comes to investing, there are two common approaches: short-term and long-term investments. Each strategy has its advantages and disadvantages. Read to explore the pros and cons of each approach.

As an individual seeking financial security, it’s essential to understand the differences between short-term and long-term plans. By gaining knowledge about these investment methods, you can make informed decisions that align with your financial goals.

Term Life Insurance Plan: An Understanding

A term life insurance plan is one of the most important life-saving investments that a prudent individual can make. Although there are other ways to invest, term insurance policies are different. According to studies, term insurance is more powerful among racial/ethnic minorities and persons with health issues, who stand to gain the most. Although there are a variety of plans available to offer you income during your lifetime, they are ineffectual in providing financial stability to your family when you pass away.

Short-Term Investments: Maximising Liquidity and Flexibility

Short-term investments involve holding assets for a shorter duration, usually less than a year, to capitalise on immediate gains. Common short-term investment options include money market accounts, certificates of deposit (CDs), and short-term bonds. Let’s discuss their pros and cons.


Liquidity: Short-term investments provide easy access to your funds when needed since they typically mature quickly or have shorter lock-in periods.

Flexibility: This strategy allows investors to quickly adjust their investment decisions based on changing market conditions or personal financial needs.

Potential Quick Returns: Short-term investments offer the possibility of making fast profits since they focus on immediate changes in asset values.


Limited Growth: Compared to long-term investments, short-term options may not provide the same level of significant wealth accumulation through compound growth.

Greater Effort Required: Constant monitoring, research, and active management may be needed to identify lucrative short-term investment opportunities.

Long-Term Investments: Building Wealth Over Time

Long-term investments involve committing money for an extended period, typically several years or even decades. These investments include stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and real estate. Let’s delve into their advantages and disadvantages.


Simplicity: Long-term investment strategies are relatively straightforward to understand and execute. You aim to buy assets that you believe will appreciate in value over time.

Compound Growth: By leaving your money invested over a longer period, you can benefit from the power of compound interest. Your savings generate more earnings, leading to potential significant gains over time.

Reduced Risk: Long-term investments tend to be less risky than short-term ones since they have more time to overcome market fluctuations and potential downturns.


Liquidity Constraints: Once you invest in long-term assets, it can be challenging to easily access your funds in case of emergencies or unexpected expenses.

Limited Flexibility: Long-term investments require a patient approach, and if circumstances change or you need cash urgently, you may miss out on potential opportunities for liquidity.

Uncertain Returns: While long-term investments can offer substantial returns, it’s important to remember that they are not guaranteed. Market fluctuations or economic downturns can impact returns negatively.

Scenario 1: Short-Term Plan for an Emergency Fund

Let’s consider a scenario where you want to build an emergency fund. An emergency fund is essential to cover unforeseen expenses such as medical emergencies, car repairs, or job loss. You anticipate needing access to these funds within a short period. In this case, a short-term investment strategy would be more appropriate.

Suppose you decide to invest ₹50,000 in a fixed deposit with a maturity period of 6 months, offering an interest rate of 5% per annum. Using a term insurance calculator, you can calculate the potential returns from your investment.

Sample Calculation

Principal amount: ₹50,000

Interest rate: 5% per annum

Maturity period: 6 months (0.5 years)

Using the formula A = P(1 + r/n)^(nt), where A is the maturity amount, P is the principal amount, r is the interest rate, n is the compounding frequency per year, and t is the number of years:

A = ₹50,000(1 + (0.05/1))^(1*0.5) = ₹51,263

After 6 months, your investment would grow to ₹51,263. This example illustrates how short-term investments can generate relatively quick returns while maintaining liquidity.

Scenario 2: Long-Term Plan for Retirement

Now, let’s consider a scenario where you want to plan for your retirement, which is a long-term goal. In this case, a long-term investment strategy is more suitable.

Suppose you invest ₹5,000 per month in a mutual fund with an average annual return of 10% over 30 years. You can use the power of compounding to estimate the potential growth of your investment.

Sample Calculation

Monthly investment: ₹5,000

Annual return rate: 10%Investment period: 30 years (360 months)

Using the formula A = P(1 + r/n)^(nt):

A = ₹5,000[(1 + (0.10/12))^(12*30) – 1] / (0.10/12) ≈ ₹1,56,77,023

After 30 years of consistent monthly investments, your investment would grow to approximately ₹1,56,77,023. This example showcases the potential wealth accumulation through long-term investments and the power of compound growth.


When choosing between short-term and long-term investment strategies, aligning your decision with your financial goals is essential. Short-term investments offer liquidity and flexibility but may not provide significant wealth accumulation. Long-term investments allow for compound growth and reduced risk but require patience and limited access to funds.

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