Currently, manufacturing and producing processes of various materials and parts are easy to do. With the support of current technologies, it is possible to get higher rates of productivity and it is still supported by excellent precision and quality in the manufacturing process. 3D machine printing is one of the interesting technologies. It creates parts and modules by using certain design. Then, the design will be implemented in the 3d modeling and it will be handled by the supporting tools and equipment to produce the objects as what is designed in the concept. Materials will be melted, fused, and combined to create necessary parts and objects depending on the designs and projects.
Powdered bed fusion or PBF technology is one of the necessary technologies for the 3D printing. The PBF will conduct the manufacturing processes based on the 3D models or designs. It is very suitable to manufacture parts or objects made of metal materials. The materials will be combined and fused so it can be melted and later it will be shaped. It will utilize the laser beams. This is interesting technology that will boost the production process and even it can provide high level of precision. This will be very suitable for small parts that will be needed in various industries and other fields. With high precision in its manufacturing process, the results will be great and assembling the parts will not have any issues. Lasers will run the work in melting the provided materials and once those materials are melted, then those are shaped and solidified based on the 3D designs. The powder bed fusion technology is not only about precision. It can handle various angles based on the given designs. Then, surface on the products can also be designed depending on the needs. As for the quality of product’s durability, it is surely great. Density of melted and solidified materials is evenly distributed and it will not have any issues once the parts are utilized.
In addition, the 3d printing machine manufacturer will also use the Directed Energy Disposition (DED) Technology. In some aspects, it has similar works and processes as found in the PBF technology. It also uses lasers that will work on the metal powder. The powder will be melted by the lasers and later it will be shaped based on the designs. However, the DED technology is more suitable to in manufacturing large parts compared to the PBF technology. In addition to it, it can have function to repair the damaged or deteriorated parts. The melted metal powders will be melted and added to strengthen and repair the damaged parts based on the directed locations or spots. Even, it can place additional features and details on the exiting parts. This will be something that will be difficult to do in PBF technology. With its laser and melting process, the DED technology is also able to create and produce new materials based on the compositions of ingredients. The melting level and compositions can be arranged to get the desired new materials. Regardless of the differences between the DED and PBF technology, both of them have great functions in utilization of 3D printing in manufacture. In addition, productivity can also be boosted because material consumption can be reduced and times needed for the production and manufacture can be lower.